Burnout is a word we often hear during the pandemic. Work from home (WFH) makes the distinction between work and rest blurry. KALMers, you might feel stressed, but have no way of dealing with that feeling of stress. There are also limited activities that you can do in and out of the house.
What is Burnout?
World Health Organization (WHO) stated in the International Phenomenon of Diseases (ICD-11) that burnout is an occupational phenomenon that influences one’s health status. ICD does not categorize burnout as an illness or a mental health condition.
According to WHO, burnout occurs as a result of chronic stress at work that has not been successfully managed. Burnout is characterized by three dimensions:
- feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion
- increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job
- reduced professional efficacy
The 5 Stages of Burnout
KALMers, it could be said that you experience burnout if you have the three things stated above. However, as with any physical illness, the symptoms of burnout can be different for each individual. In general, there are 5 phases experienced by people who feel burnout, namely:
When starting a new task, a person tends to have a high level of job satisfaction, commitment, energy, and creativity. Especially, when one has a new job or when starting a new business.
You may begin to experience the predicted stresses of your new job. During this phase, it is important to develop some coping strategies when facing the job’s inevitable stresses and do some routine self-care to support your mental well-being.
Onset of Stress
This stage is marked by the realization that some days are better than others regarding how well you are handling the stress on the job. You might also notice common stress symptoms affecting you physically, mentally, or emotionally. Reduced optimism level for the job might also be observed.
There is a marked change in your stress levels. Stress became more intense and frequent compared to the previous stage. Another symptom is reduced motivation in working.
The fourth stage is burnout itself. Certainly, everyone has a different tolerance level of stress. Therefore, it is very important to know your own capacity in working.
During this phase, you are suggested to implement some interventions that are deemed most appropriate with your burnout and not to ignore the symptoms. Some ways to overcome burnout will be discussed further below.
The last phase is when burnout has become a habit. Symptoms of burnout have become a part of your everyday life, so you are more likely to experience significant mental, physical, or emotional problems, compared to stress or fatigue in general.
Which One Are You?
So which phase of burnout do you think you are most likely at right now? Hopefully it is not at Habitual Burnout. Be careful, KALMers!
So what can we do so that we can prevent burnout? Read it in Bye-bye Burnout: How To Prevent Burnout.
Author: Jessica Delphina
Translater: Jessica Delphina
Editor: Lukas Limanjaya
Ahmed, N. (2021). How to deal with a year of accumulated burnout from working at home. The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/how-to-deal-with-a-year-of-accumulated-burnout-from-working-at-home-156018.
Burn-out an “occupational phenomenon”: International Classification of Diseases. Who.int. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news/item/28-05-2019-burn-out-an-occupational-phenomenon-international-classification-of-diseases.
Smith, M. (2020). Burnout Prevention and Treatment. HelpGuide. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/stress/burnout-prevention-and-recovery.htm#:~:text=Even%20though%20it%20may%20be,10%2Dminute%20bursts%20of%20activity.
What are the 5 stages of burnout?. Calmer. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.thisiscalmer.com/blog/5-stages-of-burnout.
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