KALMers, have you ever heard about Binge Eating Disorder? What comes to your mind when you hear the term ‘binge eating’? Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is not as simple as ‘eating a lot’ when you’re stressed. What is actually Binge Eating Disorder? So, this article will discuss this particular disorder, keep on reading to know more!
What Is Binge Eating Disorder (BED)?
Before discussing Binge Eating Disorder (BED), you need to understand what an eating disorder is first. An eating disorder is defined by obsessive thoughts about weight and ineffective habits/efforts to manage it. There are many different types of eating disorders. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the following are considered as eating disorders:
- Anorexia Nervosa
- Bulimia Nervosa
- Binge Eating Disorder
- Rumination Disorder
- Avoidant/ Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
In this article, we will focus only on one disorder, Binge Eating Disorder. So what is it actually?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is an eating disorder characterised by eating more food than most people do at the same time and under the same circumstances, as well as feeling unable to stop eating or control how much food is consumed. BED is more common in adult women and men (age 18 or older) in the United States, with 1.6 percent and 0.8 percent, respectively. In contrast to bulimia nervosa, the proportion of men and women with binge-eating disorder is nearly equal.
Causes and Risk Factors
There are various factors that can causes binge eating disorder that will be different for each individual. Some of the causes and risk factors for someone with binge eating disorder are (Hilbert et al., 2014):
- Childhood obesity,
- Unhealthy eating habits in the family,
- Comments and criticism related to being overweight,
- The childhood experience of excessive dieting,
- Low self-concept and self-image,
- Tendency to depression, and
- Experiences of physical or sexual abuse as a child.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of BED
KALMers, according to DSM-5, there are several categories of symptoms that are used as a reference in diagnosing BED:
1. Overeating on a regular basis.
Overeating here means eating more food than most people and feeling unable to control overeating during this period. Here are some of the overeating criteria in BED
- Eating faster than normal
- Eating too much to feel full
- Wanting to eat large amounts of food even when not hungry
- You might prefer to eat alone due to embarrassment from eating too much
- Last, you might feel disgusted, depressed, or very guilty with yourself after eating.
2. Feeling stressed after binge eating.
3. Overeating occurs at least once a week for three months.
In contrast to bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder does not involve “compensatory behaviour”. Compensatory behaviour itself is repetitive behaviour performed to avoid weight gain, for example by taking laxatives or extreme food intake restrictions.
Dealing With BED
Pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy with individual or group therapy settings accompanied by a mental health expert such as a psychologist or psychiatrist can be used as treatments for Binge Eating Disorder. These therapies are considered more effective than weight loss programs that are often used as a treatment for obesity.
However, it is important to know that BED can only be diagnosed by a professional. Self diagnosis can be dangerous. If you need to refer someone you know who’s likely to be battling eating disorders, or even yourself, don’t hesitate to contact our Kalmselors through the KALM application (download here).
You can also read other articles about eating disorder: Don’t Say These Things to Someone with Eating Disorder, The Danger of Bulimia Nervosa and its Prevention
If KALMers would like to know more regarding eating disorders, you can access KALM’s content on KALM’s social media platforms (Instagram: @get.kalm atau Twitter: @get_kalm). Hopefully this article can help you to understand Binge Eating Disorder.
Written by: Dzulfani S Nisa
Translated by: Dzulfani S Nisa
Edited by: Rachma Fitria & Lukas Limanjaya
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.)
Barlow, D. H., Durand, V. M., Hofmann, S. G. (2014). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach (8th ed.). CENGAGE Learning Custom Publishing.
Hilbert, A., Pike, K. M., Goldschmidt, A. B., Wilfley, D. E., Fairburn, C. G., Dohm, F.-A., Walsh, B. T., & Striegel Weissman, R. (2014). Risk factors across the eating disorders. Psychiatry Research, 220(1–2), 500–506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2014.05.054
Young, J. L. (2014, November 6). Understanding Binge Eating Disorder. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/when-your-adult-child-breaks-your-heart/201411/understanding-binge-eating-disorder